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  • Welsh Rarebit - Welsh Rarebit Day 3rd September - What is Welsh Rarebit

    What is Welsh Rarebit?

    Welsh Rarebit (or Welsh rabbit as originally spelled and still today mis-pronounced) is a traditional but iconic Welsh dish that has been enjoyed for centuries. Basically, it’s a combination of hot melted cheese on toast which is a winning combination on any day. Some still call it posh Cheese on Toast which let’s face it, doesn’t sound half as good as Welsh Rarebit, does it? Welsh rarebit is more than cheese on toast - it needs some beer, Worcester sauce and mustard, and that's why it tastes so good - see the recipe below. Despite its somewhat peculiar name, Welsh Rarebit has stood the test of time, evolving into a beloved culinary creation enjoyed around the world.


    What is Welsh Rarebit - Welsh Rarebit Day 3rd September - Welsh Rarebit Recipe
    What is Welsh Rarebit - Welsh Rarebit Day 3rd September - Welsh Rarebit Recipe. More "All about Wales Articles", click here...


    Celebration Days and Festivals in Wales

    Here is a short list of celebration days and festivals in Wales. All these days are listed on the Celebration Days Wales link below.


    Welsh Rarebit Day - celebrated in Wales on each 3rd September
    What is Welsh Rarebit - Welsh Rarebit Day 3rd September - Welsh Rarebit Recipe. More "All about Wales Articles", click here...


    National Welsh Rarebit Day - 3rd September

    The first and most important thing to understand is that rarebit is not a word that is used in any other context. It only exists next to the word Welsh when referring to the dish Welsh Rarebit. There’s no rarebitting involved in making Welsh Rarebit and no rarebits are harmed during the cooking process! 

    There are many meals, drinks and dishes that have a National Day named after them, possibly the most famous being pancake day. But every 3rd September is National Welsh Rarebit Day which is celebrated the world over, but with great fervour in Wales.


    Welsh Rarebit - A Little Bit of History

    The roots of Welsh Rarebit can be traced back to Wales, where it was known as "caws wedi ei bobi" in the Welsh language, which translates to "cheese that has been toasted." The origin of the name "Welsh Rarebit" is uncertain, but it’s generally believed that the word rarebit is a corruption of the word rabbit. While some may think it contains rabbit meat due to the phonetic similarity, the dish is, in fact, entirely meatless.

    'Welsh rabbit' first appeared as a dish in 1725 and later in many "Eighteenth-century cookbooks. It is thought that the dish was attributed to the Welsh because of their historic fondness for cheese, which was used as a substitute for meat as a source of protein by poor peasants. Welsh Rarebit is described by some as 'posh cheese on toast'.

    Or possibly it was to indicate how much the Welsh were said to enjoy hot cheese. There was even a medieval joke to that effect, that St. Peter was so tired of the noise from the Welsh people in heaven he tricked them into believing there was a roasted cheese just outside the pearly gates, and when they all ran out to get some, he locked the gates. It was probably funnier at the time!


    Welsh Rarebit Recipe

    When any dish is as popular as Welsh Rarebit, there are always many, many different recipes and variations on the theme. However here is a traditional recipe to follow.


    • 50g/2oz flour
    • 50g/2oz salted butter
    • 250ml/9oz strong bitter beer, warmed
    • 250g/9oz strong cheddar cheese, grated
    • 2tsp mustard of your choice,
    • 2 tbsp Worcester sauce
    • Black pepper to taste
    • 4 large slices of bread – try brown granary bread


    1. In a small saucepan melt the butter and make a roux with the flour. Cook for a couple of minutes, stirring to prevent the roux from burning. Stir in the warm beer by degrees, until you have a thick but smooth sauce. Add the grated cheese and stir until melted. You should now have a thick paste. Mix in the mustard and Worcestershire sauce and season well with black pepper.
    2. Lightly toast and butter the bread, then pile up the cheesy mixture on each slice. Cook under a hot grill for a few minutes, until browned and bubbling.


    Variations on a Welsh Rarebit Recipe

    There are many different variations on Welsh rarebit. Some popular variations include:

    • Welsh Rarebit with Ham

      Add chopped ham to the cheese sauce.

    • Welsh Rarebit with Mushrooms

      Add chopped mushrooms to the cheese sauce.

    • Welsh Rarebit with Smoked Salmon

      Top the Welsh rarebit with smoked salmon.

    • Welsh Rarebit with Vegetables

      Add chopped vegetables, such as broccoli, carrots, or peas, to the cheese sauce.

    In conclusion, Welsh Rarebit is a deliciously rich and savoury dish that has been enjoyed by generations of people in Wales. Its origins are humble, but its popularity has endured for centuries. Whether you enjoy it for breakfast, lunch, or dinner, Welsh Rarebit is sure to satisfy your taste buds.


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    Last updated 24th March 2024

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