If asked when the last invasion of Britain was, many people in Britain will remember 1066 when the Normans successfully invaded the south coast of England and became the rulers of Britain for centuries. But that is simply not true…and the truth is that of a Welsh heroine who almost single-handedly saved the day for Britain.
Image courtesy of http://lastinvasiontapestry.co.uk/
The last invasion of Britain was in west Wales near to the town of Fishguard. The original plan of the French was to land at Bristol, but weather conditions and probably other mistakes meant that they actually landed in west Wales. On February 22nd, 1797, after landing between Fishguard and Goodwick at Carreg Wastad bay near to Strumble Head (Pen Caer) the French army of some 1,500 men marched inland and occupied higher ground Garnwnda and Garngelli. The French army was under the command of 70 year-old Irish American Colonel Tate. The French army consisted mainly of of prisoners pressed into service and rather than advancing on Fishguard with military precision, they decided to overrun a farmhouse one mile inland, called Tre-Howel and they made this their headquarters.
The local British army was heavily outnumbered, but reinforcements were gathering at Fishguard where the officers were stationed overnight in what is now called the Royal Oak Inn.
The invasion started and finished within 2 days. A local heroine, Jemima Nicholas, is said to have captured soldiers single-handedly and secured them in St Mary’s Church with nothing more than a pitchfork. On 24th February, the French army marched down from their higher ground positions to Goodwick Beach, where they laid down their weapons and gave an unconditional surrender. The surrender was completed in the Royal Oak pub in Fishguard and this is noted on a plaque above the front door. It is recorded that Jemima was rewarded with an annual pension of £50 by the Government for her achievements in defeating the French invasion force. Jemima died in 1832 and is buried in St Mary's church where her gravestone inscription says, 'the Welsh heroine who boldly marched to meet the French invaders who landed on our shores in February 1797'.
The landmarks of this failed invasion are still to be seen today. Firstly in Fishguard there is a 100 feet long tapestry recording of this event made in 1997 to commemorate the, 200 year anniversary of the invasion. There is also a memorial at Carreg Wastad Point where the French landed. And whilst you’re in Fishguard, you can visit the Royal Oak pub, still serving food and drink today and witness a wall plaque recording the surrender and also see the relics from the battle including weapons and the table where the surrender was signed by both armies.
Tapestry Image courtesy of http://lastinvasiontapestry.co.uk/ .
Our company, FelinFach Natural Textiles is located in the heart of the Preseli area of Pembrokeshire near to Boncath. We design Welsh blankets, Welsh woollen blankets and throws which are traditionally woven at Welsh mills. We also design and make natural hand dyed yarn, cotton, silk and wool scarves and other handmade products. We are a proud supporter of the Campaign for Wool, Global Welsh and Wales International.
Christmas and New Year celebrations are a favourite time of the year, not least in Wales, including, Plygain (Christmas Carols between 3am and 6am), Noson Gyflaith (Toffee making evening), Mari Lwyd (A Grey Mare), Wassail (Hot mulled cider), Calennig (Trick or Treat, Welsh style) and New Year’s celebrations in Cwm Gwaun on 13th January each year!
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