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August 31, 2021 3 min read

Welsh rarebit - What is it?

Welsh rarebit (or Welsh rabbit as originally spelled) is a traditional but famous Welsh dish. Basically, it’s combination of hot melted cheese on toast which is a winning combination on any day. The first and most important thing to understand is that rarebit is not a word that is used in any other context. It only exists next to the word Welsh when referring to the dish Welsh rarebit. There’s no rarebitting involved in making Welsh rarebit and no rarebits are harmed during the cooking process Some still call it posh Cheese on Toast which let’s face it, doesn’t sound half as good as Welsh Rarebit, does it?

National Welsh Rarebit Day - 3rd September

There are many meals, drinks and dishes that have a National Day named after them, possibly the most famous being pancake day. But every 3rd September is National Welsh Rarebit Day which is celebrated the world over, but with great fervour in Wales.

Go to other National Celebration Days in Wales - Click here...

A little bit of history

The origin of the name is uncertain, but it’s generally believed that the word rarebit is a corruption of the word rabbit. 'Welsh rabbit' first appeared as a dish in 1725 and later in many "Eighteenth-century cookbooks. It is thought that the dish was attributed to the Welsh because of their historic fondness for cheese, which was used as a substitute for meat as a source of protein by poor peasants. Welsh Rarebit is described by some as 'posh cheese on toast'.

Or possibly it was to indicate how much the Welsh were said to enjoy hot cheese. There was even a medieval joke to that effect, that St. Peter was so tired of the noise from the Welsh people in heaven he tricked them into believing there was a roasted cheese just outside the pearly gates, and when they all ran out to get some, he locked the gates. It was probably funnier at the time !

There are some variations on the Welsh rarebit dish such as;-

  • Scottish: toasted bread with slices of melted cheese
  • English: toasted bread soaked in red wine with slices of melted cheese
  • English: toasted bread soaked in red and white wine with slices of melted cheese and mustard
  • Buck - Welsh Rarebit served with an egg on top
  • Blushing - Welsh Rarebit blended with tomato

Welsh Rarebit Recipe

When any dish is as popular as Welsh Rarebit, there are always many many different recipes and variations on the theme. However here is a traditional recipe to follow;

Ingredients

  • 50g/2oz flour
  • 50g/2oz salted butter
  • 250ml/9oz strong bitter beer, warmed
  • 250g/9oz strong cheddar cheese, grated
  • 2tsp mustard of your choice,
  • 2 tbsp Worcester sauce
  • Black perper to taste
  • 4 large slices of bread – try brown granary bread

Method

  1. In a small saucepan melt the butter and make a roux with the flour. Cook for a couple of minutes, stirring to prevent the roux from burning. Stir in the warm beer by degrees, until you have a thick but smooth sauce. Add the grated cheese and stir until melted. You should now have a thick paste. Mix in the mustard and Worcestershire sauce and season well with black pepper.
  2. Lightly toast and butter the bread, then pile up the cheesy mixture on each slice. Cook under a hot grill for a few minutes, until browned and bubbling.

About FelinFach

Our company, FelinFach Natural Textiles is located in the heart of the Preseli area of Pembrokeshire near to Boncath. We design Welsh blankets and the iconic Welsh Tapestry blankets which are traditionally woven at Welsh mills. We also design and make natural hand dyed yarn, cotton, silk and wool scarves and other handmade products. We also offer Welsh tartansSheepskin Rugs, Gift Cards and tools and books for crafters and knitters - Cocoknits, Laine, Amirisu and Making to name a few! Lastly, workshops on hand dyeing with 100% natural dyes in the purpose designed FelinFach Dye Studio. We are a proud supporter of the Campaign for Wool, All Things Wales and Global Welsh.

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Last update 31st August 2021