July 09, 2019 2 min read

Welsh Flags

The National Flag of Wales is universally known to all Welshmen and women and to many others around the world. It has consistently been judged as one of the most iconic flags of the world, not just being an arrangement of colours but that of a confident, fiery Welsh dragon – Y Ddraig Goch! The Welsh flag shows the Dragon as a red dragon passant (a passant being an animal shown as walking with the right front foot and its tail raised) on a green and white background. Its not only iconic but many believe that it is one of the oldest flags in the world.

Although Wales is part of the United Kingdom, to many it is strange that no part of the Welsh flag is represented in the Union Jack flag at all! An Act of parliament back in 1535 is the law which joined Wales to England, and at that time the St George’s Cross of England (the red cross on a white background) was adopted for the 'Kingdom of England' which, following the 1535 Act then included Wales. The first Union Flag was created in 1606, and it included parts of Scotland’s (the Saltire or Saint Andrew's Cross, a white X-cross on a blue background), and England's flags. In 1801 the current Union Flag (commonly called the Union Jack) was created, incorporating a further element to represent Ireland (the Saltire of St Patrick: a red X-cross on a white background). So, for historical and legal reasons going back to 1535, Wales has no separate representation in the Union Flag.

For all Welsh men and women, this is disappointing and even more so as to almost anybody, the Welsh flag is far superior to the Union Jack! Here is a list of many other Welsh Flags, many of which are still flown in public today.

National Welsh Flags

 Welsh Flag - Current from 1953  Welsh Flag - From 1807 to 1953
Welsh Flag - Current from 1953 Welsh Flag - From 1807 to 1953
St David's Current St David's with Red Dragon
Welsh flag - St David's Welsh flag - St David's with a red dragon

 

Royal Welsh Flags

Owain Glyndwr Powys Mathrafal Deheubarth
Owain Glyndwr flag Powys Mathrafal flag Deheubarth flag
Llywelyn ap Gruffudd Powys Fadog Gwynedd
Llywelyn ap Gruffudd personal flag Powys Fadog Flag Gwynedd Kingdom Flag

 

Today it is common to see the flag of Owain Glyndwr flying all across Wales.  The nationalist movement in Wales has always held Owain Glyndwr in high regard, but he is now a figure of mass culture in Wales, with statues and monuments alongside pub and street names commemorating him. Owain Glyndwr's Day, 16th September, commemorates the last native Welsh person to hold the title Prince of Wales.

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