The population of Wales was 3.1 million in 2011 census, a five per cent increase since 2001. At 3.1 million people. the population of Wales was 4.8% of the UK population. Nearly one in five (18 per cent, 563,000) of residents were aged 65 or over. The population in 2021 was nearer to 3.2 million.
Wales Population Facts
As was the case in 2001, in 2011 Wales had a higher percentage of residents with a long term health problem or disability, just under a quarter (23 per cent, 696,000), higher than any England region.
Fifty eight per cent (1.8 million) of residents of Wales stated Christian as their religion in 2011, a 14 percentage point drop since 2001, a larger decrease than any of the England regions. Almost one third (32 per cent, 983,000) of the population in Wales stated they had no religion in 2011, more than any of the England regions.
Nearly two thirds (66 per cent, 2.0 million) of the residents of Wales expressed their national identity as Welsh in 2011. Of these 218,000 also reported that they considered themselves to be British.
The usually resident population of Wales was 96 per cent (2.9 million) in 2011, a higher percentage than any of the England regions.
Five per cent (168,000) of people in Wales were born outside the UK in 2011, an increase of two percentage points on 2001 (three per cent, 92,000).
Welsh Speaking population
Thirty per cent (169,000) of usual residents of Wales aged three and over who could speak Welsh (562,000) in 2011 were aged between three and 15 years old. The group of people aged three and over who could speak, read and write Welsh decreased one percentage point from 16 per cent (458,000) in 2001 to 15 per cent (431,000) in 2011.
Wales Cities Populations
There are six cities in Wales and their populations are;
Cardiff (Caerdydd), 363,000
Swansea (Abertawe), 245,000
Newport (Casnewydd), 151,500
St. Aspah (Llanelwy), 3,500
St David's (Ty Ddewi), the smallest city in the UK 1,840