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Roald Dahl Cardiff and Wales
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Is Roald Dahl Welsh? Well, Roald Dahl’s story began on 13th September 1916 in when he was born at Villa Marie, Fairwater Road, Llandaff, Cardiff, Wales in the UK. The house name was named after the first wife of Roald’s father, a young Frenchwoman named Marie Beaurin-Gresser. In 1918 his father, Harald, purchased a much grander property, Ty Mynydd (Mountain House in Welsh), a farmhouse and large farm of 150 acres in Radyr outside the city of Cardiff. Today Radyr is now part of the city of Cardiff, a suburb in the north part of the city.
Roald Dahl - Anti Semitic Views
The family has apologised for his antisemitism in the author’s official website. In an interview with the New Statesman in 1983, he said: “There is a trait in the Jewish character that does provoke animosity, maybe it’s a kind of lack of generosity towards non-Jews. I mean, there’s always a reason why anti-anything crops up anywhere.” He added: “Even a stinker like Hitler didn’t just pick on them for no reason.”
The family's statement says, "The Dahl family and the Roald Dahl Story Company deeply apologise for the lasting and understandable hurt caused by some of Roald Dahl’s statements. “Those prejudiced remarks are incomprehensible to us and stand in marked contrast to the man we knew and to the values at the heart of Roald Dahl’s stories, which have positively impacted young people for generations. “We hope that, just as he did at his best, at his absolute worst, Roald Dahl can help remind us of the lasting impact of words.”
But firstly, who were his parents and other family members?
His father, Harald Dahl, born in 1863 and mother Sofie Magdalene Hesselberg born in 1885 were both Norwegian. Harald was a farmer in the Sarpsborg area of Norway and after his first marriage ended, he came to Cardiff to seek his fortune in the late nineteenth century. At that time, Cardiff was one of the biggest and most important ports in the country with thousands of tons of coal being exported through the docks every year. Norway itself had a history of merchant shipping and it wasn’t long before Harald became the joint owner of a large and successful ship broking business, Aadnesen and Dahl.
Harald’s first marriage was to a French woman named Marie Beaurin-Gresser in 1901. Harald and Marie had two children, but Marie died on 16th October 1907 aged only 29. It was some four years later that Harald subsequently married Sophie Magdalene (who came from Norway for the wedding and to settle down with her new husband) in 1911. Despite living all their married life in Wales, Harald and Sophie remained very conscious and proud of their Norwegian heritage. For example, Roald was named after the Norwegian polar explorer Roald Amundsen and his first language was Norwegian which he spoke at home with his parents and his sisters Astri, Alfhild and Else. Roald and his sisters were raised in the Lutheran faith and were baptised at the Norwegian Church in Cardiff Bay where their parents worshiped.
Norwegian Church Arts Centre - Cardiff Bay
The Norwegian Church Arts Centre was established in Cardiff in 1868 by the Norwegian Seamen's Missions. It was always intended as a place where Norwegian sailors who were in port for a few brief hours or days could go to read newspapers and find comfort as well as a church for religious purposes. Nevertheless, it was a church and it was used by Norwegian expatriates like Harald and Sophie Dahl. They and their family worshiped here regularly, and all their children were christened in the church.
The Norwegian Church was originally built in a different part of Cardiff Bay and was the case when In 1916, when Roald was christened. Then it was situated on the spot where the Wales Millennium Centre now stands, at the entrance to Bute West Dock. It was an ideal location for the sailors who came regularly to use the facilities. Churches like this, made of wood and put together almost like flat-pack furniture, were common in most ports at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th centuries - certainly in ports where the Norwegian presence was strong.
The Cardiff Norwegian Church was a popular venue for many years but in 1974 it was closed and it fell into disrepair. Thanks to preservationists, the building was saved and moved, piece by piece, to its present site in 1990. Roald Dahl was the first President of the Preservation Trust, a position he held until his death in 1990.
The building has recently undergone a major refurbishment. It current full name is the Norwegian Church Arts Centre, regularly holding exhibitions and workshops - and the fact that Roald Dahl was christened there is commemorated on a large painting and a small plague on one of the walls inside the church.
Family Bereavements 1920
In 1920 when Roald was three, he suddenly lost both his sister, with appendicitis and his father from pneumonia in successive months of February and March. Roald’s mother was only 35 when Harald died and was left with 6 children and two step children from Harald’s first marriage to bring up. In 1921 Roald’s mother could not afford to keep the Radyr farm and moved to a more modest house in Llandaff, which is now part of the Howells School. Roald’s mother chose to remain in Wales to honour Harald’s wishes that he be educated in British schools as he believed that British schools were the best in the world.
His education began in Cardiff where he attended Cathedral School in Llandaff. During his time at this school and when he was eight years old, his chief claim to fame was, with four other boys, slipping a dead mouse into a jar of gobstopper sweets in a shop owned by an unpleasant shop keeper. The boys in the school, according to stories or legend, consigned the occasion to immortality by giving the affair the name of 'The Great Mouse Plot of 1924'. The incident - which Roald duly went on to write about - shows a certain wicked sense of humour but, in his essays and school work, there was nothing to suggest that he would be become a famous writer in the future.
After this Roald was sent to boarding school in England where, again, nobody saw any literary merit in his stories and essays. He would travel home for holidays on the old Beachley ferry across the River Severn but, despite the excitement of the trip, his time at this school was a very unhappy one. He then attended the school at Repton in Derbyshire and for the last past of his childhood and adolescence he spent most of his holidays with relatives in Norway.
Roald Dahl went on to achieve fame as a pilot in the Second World War. Ultimately, he started experiencing severe headaches that prevented him from flying and spent the rest of his career working as a diplomat, writer, and intelligence officer. In later life he became famous for being one of the most gifted writers ever to pick up a pen. He wrote novels, poems and stories, not just for children but for adults as well - his Tales of The Unexpected are a classic of their genre. Interestingly, he once listed eight amazing 'rules' that should he applied in the writing of all his children's books;
Just add chocolate
Adults can be scary
Bad things happen
Revenge is sweet
Keep a wicked sense of humour
Pick perfect pictures
Films are fun...but books are better!
Food is fun!
His last book, Esio Trot was completed in January 1990 and revealed a change in style for the author. Unlike other Dahl works (which often feature tyrannical adults and heroic/magical children), it is the story of an old, lonely man trying to make a connection with a woman he has loved from afar - maybe self biographical.
Regarded as one of the greatest storytellers for children of the 20th century,Dahl was named by The Times newspaper as one of the 50 greatest British writers since 1945.He books sold over 250 million copies and have been published in almost 60 languages.In 2003 four of his books, with Charlie and the Chocolate Factory at number 35, ranked among the Top 100 in a UK survey to determine the "nation's best-loved novel" of all time. The Top 100 included four books by Dahl, more than any other writer: Matilda, Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, The Witches, and The BFG. He was also popular in the US and the Time magazine named three Dahl books in its list of the 100 Best Young-Adult Books of All Time, more than any other author.
Roald Dahl Day, 13th September
Roald Dhal died on 23 November 1990 at the age of 74 in Oxford England and was buried in the cemetery at St Peter and St Paul's Church in Great Missenden, Buckinghamshire, England. In June 2005, a Roald Dhal Museum was open in his home village of Great Missenden.
Now, every year, Roald Dahl is remembered on 13 September, the date of his birth with readings and discussions of his work take place all over the United Kingdom.
As far as Cardiff is concerned, he is remembered in the Norwegian Church Arts Centre and by the naming of a large pedestrian area in Cardiff Bay, the Roald Dahl plass. When he was given the further honour of a 'blue plaque', it was placed, not on the house where he was born but on the wall of the former sweet shop where the Great Mouse Plot of 1924 took place. Due to his associaiton with Cardiff, many ask 'is Roald Dhal Welsh'... and the answer is No!!!
Roald Dahl plass
Roald Dahl is fondly remembered in Cardiff, not least by the naming of the central area of Cardiff Bay after him, namely the Roald Dahl plass. It is located on the edge of Cardiff Bay on south of the city centre. The 'plass' is also home to other iconic buildings of Cardiff and Wales, namely the Senedd (Wales' Parliament), the Pierhead Building and the Wales Millennium Centre (opera theatre). The bowl-like shape of the 'plass' has made it a popular space for hosting open-air concerts, food festivals and other events such as the National Eisteddfod of Wales.
Originally known as the Oval Basin, the area was one of the docks for a thriving coal port during the latter half the 19th century and much of the 20th century. Following the end of World War two, the space entered a period of decay and dereliction until the 1980s, when the Cardiff Bay area was regenerated.
The name of the 'plass' is Norwegian for the English word "place. When the word plass follows a named person, the word is not capitalised in modern Norwegian.