Cardiff is the capital city of Wales. It is Wales' main commercial and economic centre and is the home of many national and cultural institutions, including the Parliament for Wales (the Senedd), the Welsh media, museums and arts centres and the Wales rugby team. Cardiff city and the Cardiff Bay area, Europe's largest waterfront development, combines to make an exciting tourist attraction. Cardiff is a green city, having the most green space per person in the UK including Bute Park which stretches from the city centre to Llandaff. The city has an amazing five different castles within it's city boundary. The city's population stands at roughly 350,000, with 1.2 million living in the newly formed Cardiff Capital Region.
There are at least two theories regarding the origins of the name Cardiff or Caerdydd in Welsh. It is not clear what is the origin of the name “Caerdydd” — “Caer” means “fort” or “castle,” but although “Dydd” means “Day” in modern Welsh, it is unclear what was meant in this context. The word “Dydd ” or “Diff” maybe a corruption of “Taff”, the river which flows through Cardiff, and if that were true then “Cardiff” would mean “the fort on the river Taff”. A different theory suggests a link with Aulus Didius Gallus who was a Roman governor in the region at the time the fort was established. The name may have originated as Caer Didius – The Fort of Didius. Either way it is now Cardiff or in Welsh Caerdydd!
The Cardiff Capital Region is a programme agreed in 2016 between the UK Government, the Welsh Government and the ten local authorities in South East Wales to bring about significant economic growth in the region through investment, upskilling, and improved physical and digital connectivity.
The ten local authorities are Blaenau Gwent; Bridgend; Caerphilly; Cardiff; Merthyr Tydfil; Monmouthshire; Newport; Rhondda Cynon Taf; Torfaen; and Vale of Glamorgan.
Cardiff Castle is a medieval Roman and Norman castle with a later Victorian Gothic revival mansion located in the city centre. The original motte and bailey was built in the late 11th century by the Normans on the site of the original 3rd-century Roman fort. The stone keep was built in 1121 and still stands today as the centre piece of the whole castle.
Cardiff Bay was created by the building of the Cardiff barrage in south Cardiff, effectively damming two rivers, the Taff and the Ely. It is now regarded as one of the most successful urban seafront regeneration projects in the United Kingdom. It is also Europe's largest waterfront development and is also the name commonly given to the surrounding areas of the city. The two rivers that flow into Cardiff Bay form a 500-acre freshwater lake around the former dockland areas. Prior to the barrage, Cardiff Bay was tidal with sea access limited to a few hours each side of high water but now provides 24-hour access through three locks.
Cardiff Bay now the home of many restored and new buildings including the Senedd and Pierhead (the new Wales parliament buildings), the Coal Exchange, the Wales Millennium Centre and the Norwegian Church. It is also famous for Captain Scott of Antarctica fame who sailed from Cardiff on his ill-fated voyage.
The St Fagans Museum (Sain Ffagan: Amgueddfa Werin Cymru) is an oper air museum chronicling the historical lifestyle, culture, and architecture of the Welsh people. The museum is part of the wider network of the National Museum of Wales.
There are nearly fifty re-erected buildings from all over Wales, and is set in the grounds of St Fagans Castle which in 2011 was named the United Kingdom's favourite museum visitor attraction.
Llandaff Cathedral (Eglwys Gadeiriol Llandaf) is an Anglican cathedral and parish church in Llandaff, some 2 miles north of Cardiff city centre. The current building dates from 1107 but it has been altered and added to over the years. It is now the 'home' of the Bishop of Llandaff, who is the leader of the Church in Wales Diocese of Llandaff. It is dedicated to Saint Peter and Saint Paul, and three Welsh saints, namely Dubricius, Teilo and Oudoceus.
Famous people born in Cardiff include, Ivor Novello in 1893 (silent movie star) Dame Shirley Bassey in 1937 (singer), John Humphrys in 1943 (BBC Radio 4 Today programme presenter), Colin Jackson in 1967 (world record hurdles champion) Cerys Mathews 1969 (singer in the band Catatonia) and Charlotte Church in 1986, the youngest artist to top the Classical Charts in the UK.
Owain Glyndwr Day, 16th September, commemorates the last native Welsh person to hold the title Prince of Wales. He is now a figure of mass culture in Wales, with statues and monuments alongside pub and street names remembering him…
Roald Dahl’s story began in 1916 in when he was born at Villa Marie, Fairwater Road, Llandaff, Cardiff, Wales, a house name was named after the first wife. In 1918 his father, Harald, purchased a much grander property, Ty Mynydd (Mountain House in Welsh), a large farm of 150 acres in Radyr, near Cardiff.