House names in Welsh are part of a very distinctive, cultural and linguistic heritage within the United Kingdom. The most popular are Bwthyn (Cottage in Welsh), Cartef (Home in Welsh) and Ty (House in Welsh).
Descriptive House Names in Welsh
Welsh house names are often related to the original use of the property, for example the Old Mill, the Bakery, or the Vicarage when the original use of the property has long changed into a domestic dwelling. They are also often related to the location or a particular geographic feature such as the location of the property, Glan yr Afon (Riverbank), Glan y Mor (Seaside) or Bryn Heulog (Sunny Hill). Lastly, many houses in Wales are named after a description or even an aspiration such as Heddfan (Peaceful place), Hyfrydle (Beautiful place) or Cludfan or Ty Clud (Cosy place or Cosy house) - Ty is house in Welsh.
Most Popular House Names - Ty (Welsh for House), Cartref (Home in Welsh) and Bwthyn (Cottage in Welsh)
In a recent survey carried out for FelinFach, the most popular house names in Wales are Cartref and Bwthyn (and its derivatives). Cartref means home in Welsh and Bwthyn is Cottage. The name Bwthyn comes with many variations for example, Y Bwthyn (The Cottage), Y Bwthyn Bach (The small cottage), Y Bwthyn Pren (The Wooden Cottage), Y Bwthyn Gwyn (The White Cottage) or Bwthyn Onnen (Ash Cottage), Bwthyn y Bugail (Shepherd’s Cottage) or Bwthyn Derwen (Oak Cottage) – the variations are almost endless!
Firstly, a short explanation!!! The Welsh alphabet is different to the English version. In particular, some letters look like two (Ff, Ll, Rh) but they are one letter in Welsh. As an example, if you were completing a crossword with the word Llan, the Ll would go into one box - Llan is three letters in Welsh. (Click here for more on the Welsh Alphabet)
There can also be some debate as to exactly how many letters are in the Welsh alphabet, principally around the 'borrowing of letters from English, such as J. We have used the 28 letters of the alphabet excluding the latter J!!
These names are a mix of the common, the beautiful and the unusual some may even be cute Welsh names for houses. There are many, many alternatives but here is our first version of Welsh house names and their meanings, one for each letter in the Welsh alphabet.
Welsh House Name
English Translation (Approx)
Avalon Island - island featured in the Arthurian Legend. Arthur's last resting place.
Crooked Oak - Derwen Gam was possibly the first village in Wales comprising of Holiday Homes only.
Hill Ridge by a lake (song by Dafydd Iwan)
Glas y Dorlan
Hafod and Hendre
Summer and Winter Dwellings as the livestock were moved from summer to winter grazing
Below the wood
Mumur y Coed
Whispering in the trees
Nant y Mynydd
Brook from the mountain - and also a famous Welsh nursery rhyme of the same name
All the way (name of house near St David's, all the way to the end of the land
Rallt (yr Allt)
Green hillside (Glas usually means Blue but when it is describing countryside or vegetation, it means Green!)
Swn y Mor
Sound of the sea
Ty, Ty Ni, Ty Mawr, Ty Gwyn
Welsh for House, Our house, Big house, White house